India, US Defense Agreement: Can the US give India access to maps of sensitive areas of Pakistan?

Last week, India and the United States recently signed a defense agreement called the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA), which would allow the exchange of sensitive data obtained from satellites and maps between the two countries.

Pakistan and China have expressed reservations about the agreement. A statement issued by Pakistan's Foreign Office said that the provision of advanced technology and intelligence to India by the United States would lead to a power imbalance in the region.

'Agreement to make Indian missiles many times more destructive'

The recent agreement is the third and final step in agreements between the United States and India to enhance defense cooperation, under which the two countries will work together to provide 'geo-special' high-quality images, maps and Will be able to exchange data related to maritime boundaries.

Earlier in August 2016, the two countries signed the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA), which provides for the provision of military, military and other services to one country's military and other services. They will be allowed to use each other's defenses.

Similarly, during the 'Two Plus Two Dialogue' in Delhi in 2018, a Communication and Information Security Agreement was signed to provide secret and secure communication networks for Indian and US military commanders, their aircraft and other equipment. It has become easier to exchange information on

The deal is being hailed by Indian media and defense analysts as a major success for India. The agreement was described by The Economic Times as "the one that makes Indian missiles many times more destructive".

Observers say the sensitive data obtained as a result of the deal will enable India to target missiles, drones and other targets accurately and precisely.

In addition, the provision of US technology will provide India with accurate information about the movement of aircraft of any country in the region and their flight routes. Under the agreement, the United States will also be able to exchange accurate information with India on tracking and activities of aircraft and tank routes.

Will the US give India access to maps of sensitive areas of Pakistan?

The agreement comes after ten years of negotiations at a time when relations between India and the United States are strained.

Military tensions continue due to a border dispute between India and China, and on June 15 this year, 20 soldiers, including an Indian army colonel, were killed and 50 others wounded in a hand-to-hand battle between the two countries' troops in the Gulwan Valley in Ladakh. Nearly seriously injured.

On the other hand, the trade war between the United States and China is also on the rise, which many observers are calling the Second Cold War.

Therefore, it would not be wrong to say that the main purpose of this agreement is to curb the growing influence in China's territory, but Dr. Adil Sultan, Dean of Aerospace and Strategic Studies at Air University, says that India should be a result of this agreement. He will use the latest technology and sensitive information only against Pakistan as it cannot afford to escalate tensions with China or engage in a major military battle at this time.

India's current attitude towards Pakistan is based on threats like aggression and surgical strikes and this data will be used to make future surgical strikes more effective.

Dr. Adil Sultan says that it is not possible for the United States to exchange maps and pictures of China's border areas with India and not to provide information about Pakistan in it because the border demarcation is not clear in the images taken from the air or satellite. Therefore, India will reluctantly get the details of maps of sensitive areas of Pakistan.

But Kamran Bukhari, director of analytical development at Washington's Center for Global Policy, says the United States would not be foolish to share sensitive information about Pakistan with India.

The United States is currently embroiled in two major conflicts in South Asia. One with China and the other in Afghanistan where Pakistan is its main ally. The United States would not want to be sensitive about Pakistan

Give the information to India which has caused a new conflict in the region and that too at a time when the United States needs Pakistan's cooperation to resolve the conflict in Afghanistan.

What options does Pakistan have?

Both Dr. Adil Sultan and Kamran Bukhari believe that the relations between Pakistan and the United States are not at the level where Pakistan would demand such an agreement from the United States. However, Pakistan can inform the United States of its concerns.

Kamran Bukhari said, "At the moment, Pakistan's inclination is completely towards China and this could be an important opportunity for Pakistan to balance its relations with China and the United States."

He said that Pakistan could not only convey its concerns to the United States through diplomacy but also persuade the United States not to share sensitive information with India but The inclination towards must be reduced.

Impact of the Beka Agreement on Security of the Region

Dr. Adil Sultan believes that if India has access to information about Pakistan's territories, military and sensitive installations, its offensive strategy against Pakistan will intensify.

On the other hand, analyst Kamran Bukhari says that the agreement will further increase Pakistan's inclination towards China and at a time when India-China border tensions continue and China's influence in the Indian Ocean is far greater than India's. The agreement will add to tensions in the region.

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