How can intelligence from the United States strengthen India's defense system?

India and the United States this week signed the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA), which allows the United States to provide India with immediate access to geospatial intelligence, or satellite intelligence. Will provide

This development could help strengthen India's defense system.

The BECA can enhance the clarity and accuracy of weapons markings such as automated missiles and armed drones, and will also provide India with state-of-the-art maps and satellite imagery.

Although India already has a system for retrieving information via satellite, it is not yet fully operational and its targeting is not as accurate as it could be with US assistance.

What is the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BEKA)?

The agreement was reached at a high-level meeting this week for which US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Secretary of Defense Mark Asper came to India.

This is the last in a series of four major agreements reached between India and the United States in recent years.

Prior to the BECA, the two countries signed the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement in 2016, the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement in 2018 and the Industrial Security Annex in 2019. The last agreement was an extension of the General Security of Military Information Agreement, reached in 2002.

What is Geospatial Intelligence and why is it important?

The GPS location system we use to find or locate our location via smartphone in our daily lives can never give you the right result and often put you right from your actual location. Left shows. Three to four satellites are usually used to locate someone via GPS.

However, when it comes to weapons of war, even the slightest mistake can be a mistake, and it takes about a dozen satellites to hit a target as accurately as a military drone needs to find its target.

Globally, the United States, Russia, Europe and China have their own geo-intelligence satellite systems that allow them to monitor the world. The four share scientific and technical information with each other, but military secrets are not shared unless there is a specific agreement.

Miland Kalashree is an expert in Command Control Communication Computer and Intelligence Systems in the Indian Navy. Explaining the technical aspects of BECA, he says: 'Suppose your target is flying in Indian airspace. If you have radar systems in Delhi and Chennai, these two will give separate readings of the target location and when the data of both radars will be brought into a central system, both radars will be at the exact location of the target due to disturbance in accuracy. Will be miscalculated.

This means that as long as you are correcting the information received from the radar, your target will be somewhere else. According to him, in such cases, even a second delay can be missed.

According to Miland, for better connectivity between India's satellite and radar systems, "every system should speak the same language."

According to him, the BECA provides a common language that is difficult for India's old satellite and radar systems and the agreement now provides a way to calculate geographic data across the country's military system. It will benefit all of India's land, air and naval forces.

Due to China's expanding influence in the surrounding seas, India and many other countries are keen to keep a close eye on Chinese movements in the sea.

Dhruva J. Shankar, moderator of the US initiative in the ORF, said the agreement would first be used "possibly in maritime areas, particularly in the Indian Ocean and then in the western Pacific Ocean."

On the other hand, nuclear and space strategy expert Rajesuri Raj Gopalan says that secret maps and such things will improve India's capabilities in understanding the current situation.

He added that these four core agreements have strengthened defense and security cooperation between India and the United States.

She says the warplanes that India bought from the United States were always 'one level down' because they did not have that level of sensor and such things.

India had wanted to sign the agreement for many years but the two countries differed on its details. The BECA agreement has now been signed, but the details are not yet clear. Have been made.

The agreement comes at a time when India and China are embroiled in a serious border dispute in Ladakh. The border between India and China is about 3,500 km long and the border between India and Pakistan is about the same length. But the agreement will give India the ability to go beyond its borders.

But could the deal upset the balance of power between India and China?

Dhruva J. Shankar has called it 'a strong foundation of India-US defense partnership'. But he adds, "No single agreement can fundamentally change the balance of power between India and China." It will be based primarily on the respective resources of the two countries. However, overall, the Indo-US partnership has greatly improved India's ability to secure its border with China.

She says that under normal circumstances, India would have waited for the US election to end and a new administration to come before a high-level dialogue like 2 + 2.

There will be no hesitation. And that, in a sense, the United States will now be an important pillar of our strategic partnership.

Experts believe that no single agreement can change the balance of power, but the BECA will have a significant impact on India-US defense relations, as well as the way it reacts to India's disputed borders.

"The BECA agreement has been in the pipeline for more than a decade," Ijaz Haider, a Pakistani defense and regional analyst, told the BBC. Interestingly, progress could not be made due to security concerns from India. But that has changed because of tensions with China. This will improve India's military capability and help it identify its targets, achieve them and engage its separate platforms and systems, especially real-time information about the battlefield. Will be the key. This is a big challenge for Pakistan because these capabilities will definitely be used to work on the Western front.

Depending on how India views it, Delhi is now in a junior partnership with Washington and will have to play its part in facilitating and advancing US interests in the Asia-Pacific region. This would mean that the United States would lose its independence and sovereignty over foreign and security policies in the best interests of the country. That is, there will be bargaining.

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