The Pros & Cons of Traveling/Tourism

Many places in the world rely heavily on tourism as a key source of income and employment. Unfortunately, tourism can also be a source of problems, especially if it is not well managed. A huge influx of visitors can gradually erode the beauty, individuality, character, environment, resources and social harmony of a tourist destination over time.

It is easy to reduce the scale of tourism. Every year, about a billion tourists travel: it receives 30 tourists every second. In 2017, approximately 76.9 million tourists visited the United States. Too many travelers can easily offer big challenges to many destinations. Transporting, providing accommodation, feeding, entertaining, policing, and then cleaning up a lot of extra people is no easy task. Is it worth it?

This article lists the major advantages and disadvantages of tourism.


Economic. It brings money. This is probably the main benefit of tourism and that is why it is so popular, especially in developing countries. The income generated can form a significant proportion of both private, local and national income.

Tourism can provide much needed employment to the people.
Infrastructure. It provides a resource and incentive to invest in infrastructure such as roads, rail networks and local medical and education facilities.

Environmental. It can provide economic incentives to protect, maintain and create the environment in both urban and rural environments.

Between cultures. It promotes international contacts that will bring more business and cultural cooperation in the long run.

Promotional. It "puts a place on the map": Tourism provides an opportunity to showcase yourself locally and raise your profile in the world.

do you know? Money from tourism is 5% of the world's GDP.

tourism For every job created in the basic tourism industry, about 1.5 additional, indirect jobs are created in the broader tourism-related economies.Tourism provides employment for 1 out of every 12 workers in developed and emerging economies.


Environmental. Tourism can often cause environmental damage due to hazards such as erosion, pollution, loss of natural habitat and wildfires. Even if tourists act responsibly, their sheer number can be detrimental. Ancient buildings, monuments and temples often struggle to cope with the increase in traffic and face unavoidable wear and tear. Rocks and other natural tourist attractions can be permanently damaged.

Cultural The commercialization of culture can damage the spirit of a tourist destination. Local traditions that are rich in cultural heritage are less important than dressing up and working for tourists for money.

Clashes of culture. Tourists often do not respect local traditions and culture, refuse to adhere to local dress standards, get drunk in public, or treat locals rudely or inappropriately.

Service economy. Although jobs are created through tourism, most are relatively low-level, such as bar work, hotel service, restaurant service, and so on. These low-wage, low-skilled workers have little chance of advancement or promotion.

Seasonal fluctuations. Tourism jobs are usually seasonal and unsafe, without additional benefits such as pensions, sick pay or health care. Sometimes they drown with visitors during busy hours and then become practically desolate for many months.

Balanced funding. In tourist areas, when money can be used more efficiently in a country, it can be lost. Indigenous people who do not live in certain tourist areas are deprived and face a relatively declining decline.

Foreign Hunting Often, most of the tourism industry in the developing country is owned by large foreign companies. They make huge profits by leaving the local business with relatively little profit.

Dependence on tourism Sometimes, tourism becomes so focal that other forms of income are neglected and there is economic dependence on forms of tourism. This is fine in good times, but it can lead to long-term economic ruin and political turmoil or natural disasters.

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